Honolulu is the capital and largest community of Hawaii. The estimated population of Honolulu is about 380,000 residents. King Kamehameha I conquered Oahu in the Battle of Nuuanu Pali, he moved his royal court from the Island of Hawaii to Waikiki in 1804. His court later relocated, in 1809, to what is now downtown Honolulu. Captain William Brown of England was the first outsider to sail, in 1794, into what is now Honolulu Harbor. More foreign ships would follow, making the port of Honolulu a focal point for merchant ships traveling between North America and Asia. In 1845, Kamehameha III moved the permanent capital of the Hawaiian Kingdom from Lahaina on Maui to Honolulu. Honolulu became the center of commerce in the islands, with American missionaries determining major businesses in downtown Honolulu. Despite the unstable history of the late 19th century and early 20th century, which saw the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, Hawaii's ensuing takeover by the United States, and the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Honolulu would remain the capital, biggest city, and main airport and seaport of the Hawaiian Islands. An economic and tourism explosion following statehood brought rapid economic growth to Honolulu and Hawaii. Modern air travel would bring thousands, ultimately millions of visitors to the islands. Today, Honolulu is a modern city with numerous high-rise buildings, and Waikiki is the center of the tourism industry in Hawaii.
Waikiki Beach is the shoreline fronting Waikiki is the best known beach in the world. This has led to beach replenishment projects in the past. In the 1920s and 1930s sand was obtained from Manhattan Beach, California, and transported via ship and barges to Waikiki. One devastating sand replenishment project involved a man-made sand that the gentle surf turned into a concrete-like surface.
The Bernice Bishop Museum, voted the Hawaii State Museum of Natural and Cultural History, is a museum of history and science in Honolulu on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. Founded in 1889, it is the biggest museum in Hawaii and is home to the world's leading collection of Polynesian cultural artifacts. The Museum has a massive entomological collection of over 13 million specimens, third largest collection in the United States.
Diamond Head is the name of a volcano on the Hawaiian island of Oahu and known to Hawaiians as Leahi. Its English name was given by British sailors in the 19th century, who mistook calcite crystals rooted in the rock for diamonds. It is located on the coast east of Waikiki and is a defining feature of the view known to residents and tourists. A symbol of international appreciation, it is not surprising that the name Diamond Head is widely used for commercial purposes. Diamond Head the volcanic cone is a State Monument.
Directions from Honolulu International Airport to Port of Honolulu
Pier 2 Cruise Terminal
521 Ala Moana Boulevard
Honolulu, Hawaii 96813
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