The first people of the Turks and Caicos Islands were Amerindians, first the Arawak people, who were, over the centuries, gradually replaced by the warlike Caribbean people. The first European to spot the islands was Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de Leon, who did so in 1512, though some historians claim that Guanahani, the native name of the island Christopher Columbus called San Salvador on his 1492 voyage, is Grand Turk Island or East Caicos Island. In 1898, almost 1200 hundred years since the Arawak first settled the islands, technology arrives with the first telegraph cable connecting Bermuda, Grand Turk and Jamaica. Today after almost 1200 years of recorded history, the Turks and Caicos Islands stand on the threshold of an electrifying future boasting the fastest growing economy in the Caribbean basin coupled with strictly controlled development to protect the islands heritage as a pristine sanctuary for both the local people and tourists to enjoy for the next Millennium. The Turks and Caicos Islands are undeniably beautiful by nature.
You can visit the Turks and Caicos National Museum, located on Grand Turk, is filled with exhibits of tools, pottery and artifacts excavated from the Molasses Reef Wreck. The museum's natural history room offers scuba divers an explanation on how the walls and reef of Grand Turk were shaped. A recreation of a portion of the reef is complete with the corals, crustaceans and fish.
The best thing to do on Grand Turk Island is to scuba dive and see the reef. Grand Turk has one of the most thriving wall systems in the entire world. Healthy corals, assorted marine life and visibility that exceeds 100 feet often calls divers from around the world.