Bodrum is a Turkish port in Mugla Province on the Bodrum Peninsula, near the northwest opening to the Gulf of Gokova, and faces the Greek island of Kos. The estimated population is about 37,000 residents. Under the Persian Empire, it was supposedly the capital city of the satrapy of Caria; its position guaranteed the city enjoyed significant autonomy. In ancient times, it was known as Halicarnassus. Mausolus made the city his capital. When he died in 353 BC, his wife, Artemisia, employed the Greek architects Satyros and Pithios, and the sculptor Scopas to build a monument to him, the first Mausoleum, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Knights of Rhodes built the castle of St. Peter starting in 1402. The castle and its town became known as Petronium, hence the modern name derives. The town is a very popular tourist resort for northern Europeans due to its charming coastline and active night-life.
One place you shouldn't pass up on is the Bodrum
Castle. It is located in southwest Turkey in the city of Bodrum and was
constucted by the Knights Hospitalet starting in 1402 as the Castle of St.
Peter. In 1522 when faced by attack from Sultan Suleiman, the Grand Master of
the Hospitallers ordered the castle to be repaired. The castle also houses the
Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology.
You ca also visit the Mausoleum of Maussollos. The Persian satrap of Caria was built around 350 BC in Halicarnassus. Then it was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. This mammoth white marble tomb was built to hold the remnants of Mausolus, a provincial king in the Persian Empire, and Artemisia, who was his wife and sister.